3 Major Teaching Styles in Education

By incorporating a good mix of teaching styles, teachers can help their students learn, grow and become more independent learners.

When students are unfamiliar with a topic with little knowledge or skills, they need directions on what to do. When students do questions or exercises on a topic that they are more knowledgeable in, they will be more likely to discuss their thoughts and ideas related to the topic.

3D Teaching

  1. Directing StylePromotes learning through listening and following directions. With this style, teachers tell the students what, how and when to do certain tasks.

Suggestions for Directing Style:1. Start with the bigger pictureProvide relatable or general concepts to help students get an idea of the topic being addressed.2. Clear and concise ideaStudents need to be clear of what is expected and what is needed to handle the topic. Providing too much background information or unrelated information regarding the teaching scope causes unnecessary confusion

  1. Discussing StylePromotes learning through interaction. In this style, practised by Socrates, the teacher encourages critical thinking and lively discussion by asking students to respond to challenging questions. The teacher is a facilitator guiding the discussion to a logical conclusion. Students learn to have opinions and to back them up with facts and data.

Suggestions for Discussing Style:1.  Moderate DiscussionAmong a class of students, there are stronger and weaker students. Students who are more confident in the area being taught or are more open to expressing their ideas and opinions will contribute more to the discussion. However, as a teacher, you should try to make the discussion not dominated by one or two students, but instead an equal discussion between all classmates.2.  Have students ask questionsQuestions asked by students don't have to be the most complicated and sophisticated questions. Sometimes when students ask more simple questions, it can also help clarify basic concepts for other students. Having students ask at least three questions can help boost their confidence and allow them to have a clearer idea of blurry concepts.

  1. Delegating StylePromotes learning through empowerment. With this style, the teacher assigns tasks that students work on independently, either individually or in groups.

Suggestions for Delegating Style1. Assigning Research ProjectsResearch Projects require different skills from the beginning to the end of the assignment. It exercises students' planning skills, interview skills, data analytic skills etc.2. Assigning team projectsHaving members in a team with different roles and responsibility, students specialise in a specific area and are able to go into more depth. Team projects require high collaboration skills, and members ear expected to hold each other accountable for completing the project in the given timeframe.

Incorporating a 3D Teaching Style

Incorporating a 3D teaching in the classroom does not mean to assign students three times the amount of classwork, but instead to use a different style approach according to the class experience or lack thereof. In general, teachers can follow the below approach to deciding what teaching approach should be used.

Least             ->               Most
Direct -> Discuss -> Delegate